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Chet Baker - 13 Transcribed Solos
Miles Davis
Miles Davis
Freddie Hubbard
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Freddie Hubbard Solos

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Freddie Hubbard on Trumpet

Copyright 2000 Down Beat Jazz
Frederick Dewayne Hubbard was born April 7th 1938, in Indianapolis, Indiana. Freddie played mellophone and then trumpet in his school band, studying at the Jordan Conservatory with the principal trumpeter of the local symphony. He worked as a teenager with Wes and Monk Montgomery, and eventually founded his own first band, the Jazz Contemporaries, with bassist Larry Ridley and saxophonist James Spaulding. Moving to New York in 1958 at the age of 20, he quickly astonished fans and critics alike with the depth and maturity of his playing working with veteran jazz artists Philly Joe Jones (1958-59, 1961), Sonny Rollins (1959), Slide Hampton (1959-60), J.J. Johnson (1960), Eric Dolphy, his room-mate for 18 months, and Quincy Jones, with whom he toured Europe (1960-61). He was barely 22 when he recorded Open Sesame, his solo debut, in June 1960. That album, featuring Hank Mobley, McCoy Tyner, Paul Chambers and Philly Joe Jones, set the stage for one of the more meteoric careers in jazz.

Within the next 10 months, Hubbard recorded his second album, Goin' Up, with the same personnel as his first, and a third, Hub Cap, with Julian Priester and Jimmy Heath. Four months later, in August 1961, he made what many consider his masterpiece, Ready For Freddie, which was also his first Blue Note collaboration with Wayne Shorter. That same year, he joined Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers (replacing Lee Morgan). Freddie had quickly established himself as an important new voice in jazz. While earning a reputation as a hard-blowing young lion, he had developed his own sound, distancing himself from the early influence of Clifford Brown and Miles Davis and won Down Beat's "New Star" award on trumpet.

Freddie Hubbard on Flugelhorn

Copyright 2000 Down Beat Jazz
He remained with Blakey until 1966, leaving to form his own small groups, which over the next few years featured Kenny Barron and Louis Hayes. Throughout the 60s he also played in bands led by others, including Max Roach and Herbie Hancock. Hubbard was a significant presence on Herbie Hancock's Blue Note recordings beginning with the pianist's debut as a leader, Takin' Off, and continuing on Empyrean Isles and Maiden Voyage. He was also featured on four classic 60s sessions: Ornette Coleman's Free Jazz, Oliver Nelson's Blues And The Abstract Truth, Eric Dolphy's Out To Lunch!, and John Coltrane's Ascension during that time.

Freddie Hubbard Freddie achieved his greatest popular success in the 1970s with a series of crossover albums on CTI Records. Although his early 70s jazz albums Red Clay, First Light and Straight Life were particularly well received (First Light won a Grammy Award), this period saw Hubbard emulating Herbie Hancock and moving into jazz fusions. However, he sounded much more at ease in the hard bop context of his 1977 tour with the V.S.O.P. quintet, the band which retraced an earlier quintet led by Miles Davis and brought together ex-Davis sidemen Hancock, Hayes, Wayne Shorter and Ron Carter, with Hubbard taking the Davis role. In the 80s Hubbard was again leading his own jazz group, attracting very favourable notices for his playing at concerts and festivals in the USA and Europe, often in the company of Joe Henderson, playing a repertory of hard-bop and modal-jazz pieces.. He played with Woody Shaw, recording with him in 1985, and two years later recorded Stardust with Benny Golson. In 1988 he teamed up once more with Blakey at an engagement in Holland, from which came Feel The Wind. In 1990 he appeared in Japan headlining an American-Japanese concert package which also featured Elvin Jones, Sonny Fortune, pianists George Duke and Benny Green, bass players Carter and Rufus Reid and singer Salena Jones.

An exceptionally talented virtuoso performer, Hubbard's rich full tone is never lost, even when he plays dazzlingly fast passages. As one of the greatest of hard bop trumpeters, he contrives to create impassioned blues lines without losing the contemporary context within which he plays. Although his periodic shifts into jazz-rock have widened his audience, he is at his best playing jazz. He continues to mature, gradually leaving behind the spectacular displays of his early years, replacing them with a more deeply committed jazz.

Freddie Hubbard Discography


Open Sesame (Blue Note 1960)
Goin' Up (Blue Note 1960)
Hub Cap (Blue Note 1961)
with Willie Wilson Minor Mishap (Blue Note/Black Lion 1961)
Ready For Freddie (Blue Note 1961)
The Artistry Of Freddie Hubbard (Impulse! 1962)
Hub-Tones (Blue Note 1962)
Here To Stay (Blue Note 1962)
The Body And Soul Of Freddie Hubbard (Impulse! 1963)
Breaking Point (Blue Note 1964)
Blue Spirits (Blue Note 1965)
The Night Of The Cookers - Live At Club La Marchal, Vol. 1 (Blue Note 1965)
The Night Of The Cookers - Live At Club La Marchal, Vol. 2 (Blue Note 1965)
Backlash (Atlantic 1967)
High Pressure Blues (Atlantic 1968)
The Black Angel (Atlantic 1969)
The Hub Of Hubbard (MPS 1970)
Red Clay (CTI 1970)
Straight Life (CTI 1970)
Sing Me A Song (Atlantic 1971)
First Light (CTI 1972)
Sky Dive (CTI 1973)
In Concert, Vol. 1 (CTI 1973)
In Concert, Vol. 2 (CTI 1973)
Keep Your Soul Together (CTI 1974)
Polar AC (CTI 1974)
High Energy (Columbia 1974)
Liquid Love (Columbia 1975)
Gleam (Sony 1975)
Windjammer (Columbia 1976)
Bundle Of Joy (Columbia 1977)
Super Blue (Columbia 1978)
Here To Stay 1961/1962 recordings (Blue Note 1979)
The Love Connection (Columbia 1979)
Skagly (Columbia 1980)
Live At The North Sea Jazz Festival (Pablo 1980)
Mistral (Liberty 1980)
Outpost (Enja 1981)
Splash (Fantasy 1981)
Rollin' (MPS 1981)
Keystone Bop: Sunday Night (Prestige 1982)
Born To Be Blue (Pablo 1982)
with Oscar Peterson Face To Face (Pablo 1982)
Back To Birdland (Real Time 1983)
Sweet Return (Atlantic 1983)
with Woody Shaw Double Take (Blue Note 1985)
with Shaw The Eternal Triangle (Note 1987)
with Benny Golson Stardust (Denon 1987)
Life Flight (Blue Note 1987)
with Art Blakey Feel The Wind (Timeless 1988)
Times "Are Changin" (Blue Note 1989)
Topsy: Standard Book (Triloka 1990)
Bolivia (Music Masters 1991)
Live At Fat Tuesday's (Music Masters 1992)
Live At The Warsaw Jazz Festival (Jazzmen 1992)
MMTC (Music Masters 1995)
Blues For Miles 1992 recording (Evidence 1996)
Above And Beyond 1982 recording (Metropolitan 1999)
New Colors (Hip Bop 2001)
with Jimmy Heath Jam Gems: Live At The Left Bank 1965 recording (Label M 2001)

Compilations:
The Best Of Freddie Hubbard 1970-73 recordings (Columbia 1990)
Ballads 1960-64 recordings (Blue Note 1997)
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